Consultant Laser Surgeon and Cosmetologist
Aadil hospital Defence Lahore
What sort of patients do you normally see in your practice?
Ans: About two thousand patients visit our dermatology department daily; hence we get to see all sorts of patients with various skin problems, like acne, melasma, alopecia, increased hair growth, and skin infections.
Are the dermatological diseases of Pakistan different from the rest of the world?
Ans: Dermatological diseases are the same the world over accept for melanoma and skin carcinoma which usually affect European skins.
Common dermatological diseases of children?
Ans: Infections, bacterial infections, ecxema and napkin dermatitis are the common diseases in children. Mothers need to teach their children proper hygiene and if they notice any dryness, itching or rashes on the skin they need to take the child to a doctor.
What are the common measures to manage acne problem?
Ans: Acne usually occurs due to hormonal changes in teenage years, if acne is mild or moderate cleanse twice daily with Benzoyl peroxide wash, if acne is severe it has to be treated in consultation with a dermatologist.
How can one keep his/her skin fresh?
Ans: It is essential to follow a good skin regimen, cleansing is most important, washing the face with a mild soap, a good healthy diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and exercise. Drinking twelve to thirteen glasses of water daily and taking fresh juices certainly helps a person to look healthy and bright.
How to protect the skin from summer sunlight?
Ans: All areas of the body that are exposed to sunlight, such as the face, ears, hands and back of neck should have a moisturizer, containing sun block or a sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater, applied daily.
Are fairness creams really helpful?
Ans: Fairness creams are not really helpful; the colour of the skin that you have inherited cannot be changed. Fairness creams may be able to change your complexion temporarily; their usage for a longer period can damage your skin.
What preventive measures should be taken against Scabies?
Ans: Yes scabies is a very common disease in Pakistan, especially in the northern areas. It occurs mostly due to unhygienic and poor living conditions .As soon as you notice small itchy bumps that break when you scratch, it is essential to see a doctor immediately. Since it is a contagious disease the patient should be quarantined, his utensils, bedding clothing should be kept separately so that it does not spread to other family members.
What does one do for moles?
Ans: If you notice moles on any part of the body they should be monitored for any change in size, colour and change in the border area, if any changes occur one must see a dermatologist immediately as they can get cancerous.
What are the signs and symptoms for Fungal infections?
Ans: Fungal infections flourish under conditions linked to poverty, poor sanitation and poor personal hygiene .It starts with a rash and then becomes a ring shaped pink patch with a clear center .Fungal infections are treated with anti fungal creams and lotions. It is important to keep the area clean and dry and avoid scratching.
Common skin problems during rainy season?
Ans: Fungal infections, especially tinea versicolor and bacterial infections are the common skin problems.
Why not use steroids in skin pathology?
Ans: Steroids should never be used without a doctor ’ s prescription because if used it totally masks the original picture of the disease and it becomes difficult for the doctor to diagnose. If used without consultation they can be very harmful and complications can arise.
What are the early presentations of skin cancer?
Ans: Any change in the skin texture, rashes or brown spots may be early presentations of skin cancer, and exposure to excessive sunlight can also be harmful.
What common measures should be taken for Hair dandruff?
Ans: Dandruff cannot be eliminated but it can be controlled by anti dandruff shampoos, tar preparations, salicylic acid and selenium sulphide, but these should be used in consultation with a dermatologist. Personal hygiene also plays an important role in controlling dandruff, avoid sharing combs and towels, and wash hair brushes and combs once a week.
What should be done for dry/oily skin?
Ans: Dry skin has a low level of sebum and can be prone to sensitivity, emollients should be used, and avoid using harsh soaps, taking long hot baths and indoor heating. Dry skin needs a lot of moisture so drink at least ten to fifteen glasses of water daily. People with oily skin are more prone to acne, so they should take measures to keep the pores from getting blocked and forming acne. It is advisable to wash your face twice a day, use an astringent to remove excess oil and when it comes to diet it is advisable to eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
How successful is laser surgery for dermatology and cosmetic problems?
Ans: Science is progressing fast and the introduction of laser surgery is the latest invention in the field of dermatology and cosmetic surgery. Laser is successfully being used for treating acne, facial hair removal, pigmentation, skin tightening and photo facial etc.
What are the areas in which laser surgery is an option?
Ans: Melasma, excessive hair growth and acne can be treated with laser surgery as well as electrolysis.
What are the side effects of laser surgery for removing facial hair?
Ans: There are few side effects like rashes and skin burning, which is temporary, and if a trained doctor does it they are very rare. Laser surgery can be done during pregnancy it is safe and has no side effects.
What are the various techniques for hair transplantation?
Ans: The various techniques are patch treatment and follicular unit hair transplant. Hair replacement candidates must have a healthy hair growth at the back side of the head to serve as donor areas. Donor areas and the places on the head from which grafts and flaps are taken and other factors such as hair colour and texture may also affect the result. Hair transplants are effective and provide results.