It is not always possible or cost effective to have the medical expertise available when and where it is needed. This is true for complex and critical medical situations requiring a medical specialist and it is also true for health education and routine meetings. The use of telemedicine allows for maximum utilization of limited resources as that in Pakistan. A distant emergency department can get immediate assistance from an orthopedic surgeon (Tele-Surgery) a service that is not always easy to provide in remote areas. In addition, follow-up care can be provided to patients in their local communities without having to transport the specialist.
This technology can be used in education and distance learning. It can be used to link medical school lectures to medical students who are training at rural clinical sites. Although distant learning is not yet very well developed in Pakistan, especially the medical aspect of this field, but Telemedicine promises to be useful in distant medical education.
One of the most effective means of providing medical intervention is by early detection and treatment. In many cases, the initial patient presentation is made in a primary care setting. If the case requires specialty care, an appointment is made for the patient to see a specialist at another time. There are factors that inhibit the continuity of care such as geographic location; inclement weather, socio-economic barriers, and patient apathy are significant factors that can cause delay in the specialty care that is required to treat the condition. By providing these primary care sites with the ability to quickly access specialty consultation services, patients are able to benefits from early intervention while the health care system maintains quality service and clinical efficiency.
One of the most well received benefits of providing health care centers with access to telecommunication is the response from the community. People like to receive high quality care in their local communities. This reduces travel time and related stresses associated with many referrals. It also provides a greater continuity of care. By allowing local practitioners to access medical consults, they become a partner with both the patient, for whom they are ultimately responsible, and with the distant specialist as they collaborate on the patient’s medical problem and develop a professional relationship. The provision of community-based care is a positive experience for all involved.