Dr. Tarik Baig(MBBS).
Pakistan is at high risk of being hit by large epidemics because of many over crowded cities, unsafe drinking water, inadequate sanitation, large number of refugees and low vaccination coverage. These conditions promote the spread of infectious diseases and consequently every year a large number of epidemics/outbreaks occur in different parts of the country, which result in increased morbidity and mortality.
What is Dengue?
Ans: Dengue is a common viral infection spread by mosquitoes. Dengue fever also known as break bone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.
What are the symptoms of dengue?
Ans: Sometimes symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. . Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains and a skin rash that is similar to measles. Younger children and people who never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults. However , serious problems can develop, these include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver and failure of the circulatory system. People with weakened immune system as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.
What are the causes of acne?
Ans: Acne has various causes, which are basically genetic in nature, but it is usually exacerbated by certain factors. We have often read in text books that diet patterns are not correlated with acne, but certain types of climates, particularly the hot and humid weather prevalent in Pakistan, and the consumption of certain oily foods, chocolate and carbonated soft drinks can have an adverse effect our skin and can aggravate acne. Therefore, even though these might not cause acne directly, they can have a contributing role towards aggravating it.
What causes dengue?
Ans: Dengue is spread by a type of infected mosquito called the Aedes aegypti mosquito. An infected human is bitten by a mosquito, the infected mosquito then bites another human, and the cycle continues. The condition is widespread in areas of the world with a high mosquito population, typically areas that have a combination of: a warm and humid climate and overcrowding and major urban center’s.
How is dengue diagnosed?
Ans: . Dengue is diagnosed through a blood test to see if the dengue virus is present in your bloodstream.
What is the treatment?
Ans: Dengue usually clears up by itself within around 1-2 weeks. There are no specific medications to treat the disease, but symptoms can be managed by taking paracetamol and drinking plenty of fluids and resting.
What is the prevention?
Ans:The prevention of dengue fever requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes that are carrying the virus that causes dengue. There is currently no vaccine for dengue fever so the best way to prevent catching the infection is to take common sense precautions when travelling in high-risk areas, such as wearing protective clothing and using mosquito repellent. Dengue fever creates a lot of pain so paracetamol is given, asprin and disprin is avoided because using these medicines gastritis and intestinal blood flow risk is increased. After treatment of dengue fever don’t take these pain killers for two months, drink 5-10 glasses of water and walk for 15-20 minutes daily.