Definitions & Concepts


The World Health Organization defines Telemedicine as, “The delivery of healthcare services, where distance is a critical factor, by all healthcare professionals using information and communication technologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and evaluation, and for the continuing education of healthcare providers, all in the interests of advancing the health of individuals and their communities”.


Telehealth is the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education and training, public health and health administration


Teleconsultation is the use of Information and Communications Technology that enables clinical consultation between geographically separated individuals such as health care professionals and their patients or other clinical decision-making activities related to the delivery of health care services.


A real time and live interactive monitoring (evaluation) of technique(s) or procedure(s) of an applicant seeking privileges, or a surgeon seeking to certify or document his competence in a specific technique or procedure(s). The Telemonitor is in one location and the surgeon to be evaluated is in another. The Telemonitor must have the ability to see the performance of the procedure or technique being executed by the student in real time. The Telemonitor and the applicant must have the ability to verbally communicate during the session.

Telemedicine Consultation Centre (TCC):

Telemedicine Consulting Centre is the site where the patient is present. In a Telemedicine Consulting Centre, equipment for scanning /converting, transformation, communicating for medical information of the patient can be available but it is not essential. A Telemedicine Consulting Centre usually has a General Practitioner or in very remote locations a Registered Medical Practitioner who will be able to communicate to the TSC the symptoms/problems of the patient.

Telemedicine Specialty Centre (TSC):

Telemedicine Specialty Centre is a site, where the specialist is present. He can interact with the patient present in the remote site and view his reports and monitor his progress. A Specialty Centre is generally located in a Specialty or Super Specialty hospital catering to specific specialties or all specialties.